(Mark One)
                For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010
For the transition period from __________ to __________

Commission file number   0-26128

NorthWest Indiana Bancorp
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

9204 Columbia Avenue
Munster, Indiana
(Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)
(219) 836-4400
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  Common Stock, without par value

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨ No x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.  Yes  ¨ No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x No ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes ¨   No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrant’s knowledge in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.     x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨  No x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):
Large accelerated filer: ¨
Accelerated filer: ¨
Non-Accelerated filer: ¨
Smaller reporting company x
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Based on the average bid and ask prices for the registrant’s Common Stock at June 30, 2010, at that date, the aggregate market value of the registrant’s Common Stock held by nonaffiliates of the registrant (assuming solely for the purposes of this calculation that all directors and executive officers of the registrant are “affiliates”) was $39,026,225.



There were 2,828,977 shares of the registrant’s Common Stock, without par value, outstanding at January 31, 2011.

Portions of the following documents have been incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
1.  2010 Annual Report to Shareholders.  (Part II)
2.  Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2011 Annual Meeting of Shareholders.  (Part III)
Item 1.  Business

NorthWest Indiana Bancorp, an Indiana corporation (the “Bancorp”), was incorporated on January 31, 1994, and is the holding company for Peoples Bank SB, an Indiana savings bank (the “Bank”).  The Bank is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Bancorp.  The Bancorp has no other business activity other than being the holding company for the Bank and the Bank's wholly owned subsidiaries.

The Bank is primarily engaged in the business of attracting deposits from the general public and the origination of loans, mostly upon the security of single family residences and commercial real estate, as well as, construction loans and various types of consumer loans, commercial business loans and municipal loans, within its primary market area of Lake and Porter Counties, in northwest Indiana.  In addition, the Bancorp's Wealth Management Group provides estate and retirement planning, guardianships, land trusts, profit sharing and 401(k) retirement plans, IRA and Keogh accounts, investment agency accounts, and serves as the personal representative of estates and acts as trustee for revocable and irrevocable trusts.

The Bank’s deposit accounts are insured up to applicable limits by the Deposit Insurance Fund (“DIF”), which is administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”), an agency of the federal government.  As the holding company for the Bank, the Bancorp is subject to comprehensive examination, supervision and regulation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“FRB”), while the Bank is subject to comprehensive examination, supervision and regulation by both the FDIC and the Indiana Department of Financial Institutions (“DFI”).  The Bank is also subject to regulation by the FRB governing reserves required to be maintained against certain deposits and other matters.  The Bank is also a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank (“FHLB”) of Indianapolis, which is one of the twelve regional banks comprising the system of Federal Home Loan Banks.

The Bancorp maintains its corporate office at 9204 Columbia Avenue, Munster, Indiana, from which it oversees the operation of its twelve branch locations.  For further information, see “Properties.”

Recent Developments

The Current Economic Environment.  We continue to operate in a challenging and uncertain economic environment, including generally uncertain national conditions and local conditions in our markets.  While overall economic activity appears to have stabilized to pre-recession levels, the growth rate is slow and national and regional unemployment rates remain at elevated levels not experienced in several decades.  The risks associated with our business remain acute in periods of slow economic growth and high unemployment.  Moreover, financial institutions continue to be affected by sharp declines in the real estate market and constrained financial markets.  While we are continuing to take steps to decrease and limit our exposure to problem loans, we nonetheless retain direct exposure to the residential and commercial real estate markets, and we are affected by these events.

Our loan portfolio includes residential mortgage loans, construction loans, and commercial real estate loans.  Continued declines in real estate values, home sales volumes and financial stress on borrowers as a result of the uncertain economic environment, including job losses, could have an adverse effect on our borrowers or their customers, which could adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.  In addition, the current level of low economic growth on a national scale, the occurrence of another national recession, or further deterioration in local economic conditions in our markets could drive loan losses beyond that which are provided for in our allowance for loan losses and result in the following other consequences: increases in loan delinquencies; problem assets and foreclosures may increase; demand for our products and services may decline; deposits may decrease, which would adversely impact our liquidity position; and collateral for our loans, especially real estate, may decline in value, in turn reducing customers’ borrowing power, and reducing the value of assets and collateral associated with our existing loans.

Impact of Recent and Future Legislation.  Over the last 30 months, Congress and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”) have  adopted legislation and taken actions to address the disruptions in the financial system and declines in the housing market, including the passage and implementation of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (“EESA”), the Troubled Asset Relief Program (“TARP”), and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (“ARRA”).  In addition, on July 21, 2010, President Obama signed into law the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Dodd-Frank Act”), which significantly changes the regulation of financial institutions and the financial services industry.  The Dodd-Frank Act includes provisions affecting large and small financial institutions alike, including several provisions that will profoundly affect how community banks, thrifts, and small bank and thrift holding companies, such as the Bancorp, will be regulated in the future.  Among other things, these provisions abolish the Office of Thrift Supervision and transfer its functions to the other federal banking agencies, relax rules regarding interstate branching, allow financial institutions to pay interest on business checking accounts, change the scope of federal deposit insurance coverage, and impose new capital requirements on bank and thrift holding companies.  The Dodd-Frank Act also establishes the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection as an independent entity within the FRB, which will be given the authority to promulgate consumer protection regulations applicable to all entities offering consumer financial services or products, including banks.  Additionally, the Dodd-Frank Act includes a series of provisions covering mortgage loan origination standards affecting, among other things, originator compensation, minimum repayment standards, and pre-payments.  Moreover, the Dodd-Frank Act requires public companies like the Bancorp to hold shareholder advisory “say-on-pay” votes on executive compensation at least once every three years and submit related proposals to a vote of shareholders.  However, the SEC has provided a temporary exemption for smaller reporting companies, such as the Bancorp, from the requirement to hold “say-on-pay” votes until the first annual or other shareholder meeting occurring on or after January 21, 2013.  The Dodd-Frank Act contains numerous other provisions affecting financial institutions of all types, many of which may have an impact on the operating environment of the Bancorp in substantial and unpredictable ways.  Consequently, the Dodd-Frank Act is likely to affect our cost of doing business, it may limit or expand our permissible activities, and it may affect the competitive balance within our industry and market areas.  The nature and extent of future legislative and regulatory changes affecting financial institutions, including as a result of the Dodd-Frank Act, is very unpredictable at this time.  The Bancorp’s management continues to actively review the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act, many of which are phased-in over the next several months and years, and assess its probable impact on the business, financial condition, and results of operations of the Bancorp.  However, the ultimate effect of the Dodd-Frank Act on the financial services industry in general, and the Bancorp in particular, is uncertain at this time.



Moreover, it is not clear at this time what long-term impact the EESA,  TARP, the ARRA, other liquidity and funding initiatives of the Treasury and other bank regulatory agencies that have been previously announced, and any additional programs that may be initiated in the future, will have on the financial markets and the financial services industry.  The actual impact that EESA and such related measures undertaken to alleviate the credit crisis will have generally on the financial markets is unknown.  The failure of such measures to help provide long-term stability to the financial markets could materially and adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations, access to credit or the trading price of our common stock.  Finally, there can be no assurance regarding the specific impact that such measures may have on the Bancorp, or whether (or to what extent) the Bancorp will be able to benefit from such programs.  In addition to the legislation mentioned above, federal and state governments could pass additional legislation responsive to current conditions.  For example, the Bancorp could experience higher credit losses because of federal or state legislation or regulatory action that reduces the amount the Bancorp’s borrowers are otherwise contractually required to pay under existing loan contracts.  Also, the Bancorp could experience higher credit losses because of federal or state legislation or regulatory action that limits its ability to foreclose on property or other collateral or makes foreclosure less economically feasible.

Difficult Market Conditions Have Adversely Affected Our Industry. We are particularly exposed to downturns in the U.S. housing market.  Dramatic declines in the housing market over the past four years, with falling home prices and increasing foreclosures, unemployment and under-employment, have negatively impacted the credit performance of mortgage and construction loans and securities and resulted in significant write-downs of asset values by financial institutions, including government-sponsored entities, major commercial and investment banks, and regional financial institutions. Reflecting concern about the stability of the financial markets generally and the strength of counterparties, many lenders and institutional investors have reduced or ceased providing funding to borrowers, including to other financial institutions.  This market turmoil and tightening of credit have led to an increased level of commercial and consumer delinquencies, lack of consumer confidence, and increased market volatility.  A worsening of these conditions would likely exacerbate the adverse effects of these difficult market conditions on the Bancorp and others in the financial institutions industry.  In particular, the Bancorp may face the following risks in connection with these events:

We expect to face increased regulation of our industry, particularly in connection with the regulatory overhaul provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.  Compliance with such regulation may increase our costs and limit our ability to pursue business opportunities.



Our ability to assess the creditworthiness of our customers may be impaired if the models and approaches we use to select, manage and underwrite our customers become less predictive of future behaviors.

The process we use to estimate losses inherent in our credit exposure requires difficult, subjective and complex judgments, including forecasts of economic conditions and how these economic predictions might impair the ability of our borrowers to repay their loans, which may no longer be capable of accurate estimation which may, in turn, impact the reliability of the process.

Our ability to borrow from other financial institutions on favorable terms or at all could be adversely affected by disruptions in the capital markets or other events, including actions by rating agencies and deteriorating investor expectations.

Competition in our industry could intensify as a result of the increasing consolidation of financial services companies in connection with current market conditions.

We may be required to pay significantly higher deposit insurance premiums because market developments have significantly depleted the insurance fund of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and reduced the ratio of reserves to insured deposits.

In addition, the Federal Reserve Bank has been injecting vast amounts of liquidity into the banking system to compensate for weaknesses in short-term borrowing markets and other capital markets.  A reduction in the Federal Reserve’s activities or capacity could reduce liquidity in the markets, thereby increasing funding costs to the Bancorp or reducing the availability of funds to the Bancorp to finance its existing operations.

Concentrations of Real Estate Loans Could Subject the Bancorp to Increased Risks in the Event of a Protracted Real Estate Recession.  A significant portion of the Bancorp’s loan portfolio is secured by real estate.  The real estate collateral in each case provides an alternate source of repayment in the event of default by the borrower and may deteriorate in value during the time the credit is extended.  While real estate values in some regions of the country, including the Midwest, have shown signs of stabilizing, the real estate markets in many other regions of the country, most notably the West and Northeast, continue to show weakness, and a further weakening of the real estate market could result in an increase in the number of borrowers who default on their loans and a reduction in the value of the collateral securing their loans, which in turn could have an adverse effect on our profitability and asset quality.  If we are required to liquidate the collateral securing a loan to satisfy the debt during a period of reduced real estate values, our earnings and capital could be adversely affected.



Forward-Looking Statements

Statements contained in this filing on Form 10-K that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  The words or phrases “would be,” “will allow,” “intends to,” “will likely result,” “are expected to,” “will continue,” “is anticipated,” “estimate,” “project,” or similar expressions are also intended to identify “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act.  The Bancorp cautions readers that forward-looking statements, including without limitation those relating to the Bancorp’s future business prospects, interest income and expense, net income, liquidity, and capital needs are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those indicated in the forward-looking statements due to a number of factors, including those set forth above in “Recent Developments” and below in “Regulation and Supervision” of this Form 10-K.

Lending Activities

General.  The Bancorp’s product offerings include residential mortgage loans, construction loans, commercial real estate loans, consumer loans, commercial business loans and loans to municipalities. The Bancorp’s lending strategy stresses quality growth, product diversification and, competitive and profitable pricing.  While lending efforts include both fixed and adjustable rate products, the focus has been on products with adjustable rates and/or shorter terms to maturity.  It is management’s goal that all programs are marketed effectively to our primary market area.

The Bancorp is primarily a portfolio lender.  Mortgage banking activities are limited to the sale of fixed rate mortgage loans with contractual maturities generally exceeding fifteen years and greater.  These loans are sold, on a case-by-case basis, in the secondary market as part of the Bancorp’s efforts to manage interest rate risk.  All loan sales are made to Freddie Mac.  All loans held for sale are recorded at the lower of cost or market value.

Under Indiana Law, an Indiana stock savings bank generally may not make any loan to a borrower or its related entities if the total of all such loans by the savings bank exceeds 15% of its unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus (plus up to an additional 10% of unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus, in the case of loans fully collateralized by readily marketable collateral); provided, however, that certain specified types of loans are exempted from these limitations or subject to different limitations.  The maximum amount that the Bank could have loaned to one borrower and the borrower’s related entities at December 31, 2010, under the 15% of capital and surplus limitation was approximately $9,731,000.  At December 31, 2010, the Bank had no loans that exceeded the regulatory limitations.

At December 31, 2010, there were no concentrations of loans in any type of industry that exceeded 10% of total loans that were not otherwise disclosed as a loan category.



Loan Portfolio.  The following table sets forth selected data relating to the composition of the Bancorp’s loan portfolio by type of loan and type of collateral at the end of each of the last five years.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

Type of loan:
Conventional real estate loans:
Construction and development loans
  $ 46,371     $ 53,288     $ 54,975     $ 46,289     $ 48,688  
Loans on existing properties (1)
    298,993       325,880       368,476       361,154       361,011  
Consumer loans
    763       1,504       1,966       2,399       3,012  
Commercial business
    61,726       63,099       49,309       46,953       46,751  
Government and other (2)
    10,380       14,474       14,783       11,664       12,254  
Loans receivable (3)
  $ 418,233     $ 458,245     $ 489,509     $ 468,459     $ 471,716  
Type of collateral:
Real estate:
1-to-4 family
  $ 152,881     $ 184,437     $ 225,936     $ 229,012     $ 232,271  
Other dwelling units,land and commercial real estate
    192,482       194,731       197,514       178,431       177,427  
Consumer loans
    763       1,446       1,879       2,290       2,904  
Commercial business
    60,232       61,522       47,523       45,441       45,671  
    10,269       14,385       14,688       11,551       12,254  
Loans receivable (4)
  $ 416,627     $ 456,521     $ 487,540     $ 466,725     $ 470,527  
Average loans outstanding during the period (3)
  $ 446,551     $ 472,541     $ 484,854     $ 472,212     $ 443,523  

Includes residential and commercial construction loans converted to permanent term loans and commercial real estate loans.
Includes overdrafts to deposit accounts.
Net of unearned income and deferred loan fees.
Net of unearned income and deferred loan fees. Does not include unsecured loans.



Loan Originations, Purchases and Sales.  Set forth on the following table loan originations, purchases and sales activity for each of the last three years are shown.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

Loans originated:
Conventional real estate loans:
Construction and development loans
  $ 2,058     $ 1,704     $ 1,960  
Loans on existing property
    34,782       43,594       41,847  
Loans refinanced
    17,473       28,559       9,620  
Total conventional real estate loans originated
    54,313       73,857       53,427  
Commercial business loans
    93,909       134,302       152,577  
Consumer loans
    400       1,077       1,199  
Total loans originated
  $ 148,622     $ 209,236     $ 207,203  
Loan participations purchased
  $ 974     $ -     $ 957  
Whole loans and participations sold
  $ 41,325     $ 60,256     $ 10,463  

           Loan Maturity Schedule.  The following table sets forth certain information at December 31, 2010 regarding the dollar amount of loans in the Bancorp’s portfolio based on their contractual terms to maturity.  Demand loans, loans having no schedule of repayments and no stated maturity, and overdrafts are reported as due in one year or less.  Contractual principal repayments of loans do not necessarily reflect the actual term of the loan portfolio.  The average life of mortgage loans is substantially less than their contractual terms because of loan prepayments and because of enforcement of due-on-sale clauses, which give the Bancorp the right to declare a loan immediately due and payable in the event, among other things, that the borrower sells the property subject to the mortgage.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

After one
but within
one year
five years
five years
Real estate loans
  $ 74,722     $ 52,863     $ 217,779     $ 345,364  
Consumer loans
    116       647       -       763  
Commercial business, other loans
    38,184       25,915       8,007       72,106  
Total loans receivable
  $ 113,022     $ 79,425     $ 225,786     $ 418,233  

The following table sets forth the dollar amount of all loans due after one year from December 31, 2010 which have predetermined interest rates or have floating or adjustable interest rates.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).



Floating or
adjustable rates
Real estate loans
  $ 74,824     $ 195,818     $ 270,642  
Consumer loans
    647       -       647  
Commercial business, other loans
    26,402       7,520       33,922  
  $ 101,873     $ 203,338     $ 305,211  

Lending Area.  The primary lending area of the Bancorp encompasses all of Lake and Porter Counties in northwest Indiana, where a majority of loan activity is concentrated. To a lesser extent, the Bancorp also has lending activity in LaPorte, Newton and Jasper counties in Indiana, and Lake, Cook and Will counties in Illinois.  The communities of Munster, Crown Point, Dyer, St. John, Merrillville, Schererville and Cedar Lake have experienced consistent growth and, therefore, have provided the greatest lending opportunities.

Loan Origination Fees.  All loan origination and commitment fees, as well as incremental direct loan origination costs, are deferred and amortized into income as yield adjustments over the contractual lives of the related loans.

Loan Origination Procedure.  The primary sources for loan originations are referrals from commercial customers, real estate brokers and builders, solicitations by the Bancorp’s lending and retail staff, and advertising of loan programs and rates.  The Bancorp employs no staff appraisers.  All appraisals are performed by fee appraisers that have been approved by the Board of Directors and who meet all federal guidelines and state licensing and certification requirements.

Designated officers have authorities, established by the Board of Directors, to approve loans.  Loans up to $2,000,000 are approved by the loan officers loan committee.  Loans from $2,000,000 to $3,000,000 are approved by the senior officers loan committee.  All loans in excess of $3,000,000, up to the legal lending limit of the Bank, must be approved by the Bank’s Board of Directors or its Executive Committee.  (All members of the Bank’s Board of Directors and Executive Committee are also members of the Bancorp’s Board of Directors and Executive Committee, respectively.)
The maximum in-house legal lending limit as set by the Board of Directors is $5,000,000.  Requests that exceed this amount will be considered on a case-by-case basis, after taking into consideration the legal lending limit, by specific Board action.  Peoples Bank will not extend credit to any of its executive officers, directors, or principal shareholders or to any related interest of that person, except in compliance with the insider lending restrictions of Regulation O under the Federal Reserve Act and in an amount that, when aggregated with all other extensions of credit to that person, exceeds $500,000 unless: (1) the extension of credit has been approved in advance by a majority of the entire Board of Directors of the Bank, and (2) the interested party has abstained from participating directly or indirectly in the voting.

All loans secured by personal property must be covered by insurance in an amount sufficient to cover the full amount of the loan.  All loans secured by real estate must be covered by insurance in an amount sufficient to cover the full amount of the loan or restore the property to its original state.  First mortgage loans must be covered by a lender’s title insurance policy in the amount of the loan.



The Current Lending Programs

Residential Mortgage Loans.  The primary lending activity of the Bancorp has been the granting of conventional mortgage loans to enable borrowers to purchase existing homes, refinance existing homes, or construct new homes.  Conventional loans are made up to a maximum of 95% of the purchase price or appraised value, whichever is less.  For loans made in excess of 80% of value, private mortgage insurance is generally required in an amount sufficient to reduce the Bancorp’s exposure to 80% or less of the appraised value of the property.  Loans insured by private mortgage insurance companies can be made for up to 95% of value.  During 2010, 85% of mortgage loans closed were conventional loans with borrowers having 20% or more equity in the property.  This type of loan does not require private mortgage insurance because of the borrower’s level of equity investment.

Fixed-rate loans currently originated generally conform to Freddie Mac guidelines for loans purchased under the one-to-four family program.  Loan interest rates are determined based on secondary market yield requirements and local market conditions.  Fixed rate mortgage loans with contractual maturities generally exceeding fifteen years and greater may be sold and/or classified as held for sale to control exposure to interest rate risk.

The 15-year mortgage loan program has gained wide acceptance in the Bancorp’s primary market area.  As a result of the shortened maturity of these loans, this product has been priced below the comparable 20 and 30 year loan offerings.  Mortgage applicants for 15 year loans tend to have a larger than normal down payment; this, coupled with the larger principal and interest payment amount, has caused the 15 year mortgage loan portfolio to consist, to a significant extent, of second time home buyers whose underwriting qualifications tend to be above average.

The Bancorp’s Adjustable Rate Mortgage Loans (“ARMs”) include offerings that reprice annually or are “Mini-Fixed.”  The “Mini-Fixed” mortgage reprices annually after a one, three, five or seven year period.  ARM originations totaled $5.9 million for 2010 and $9.6 million for 2009.  During 2010, ARMs represented 14.4% of total mortgage loan originations.  The ability of the Bancorp to successfully market ARM’s depends upon loan demand, prevailing interest rates, volatility of interest rates, public acceptance of such loans and terms offered by competitors.

Construction Loans.  Construction loans on residential properties are made primarily to individuals and contractors who are under contract with individual purchasers.  These loans are personally guaranteed by the borrower. The maximum loan-to-value ratio is 80% of either the current appraised value or the cost of construction, whichever is less.  Residential construction loans are typically made for periods of six months to one year.

Loans are also made for the construction of commercial properties.  All such loans are made in accordance with well-defined underwriting standards. Generally if the loans are not owner occupied, these types of loans require proof of intent to lease and a confirmed end-loan takeout. In general, loans made do not exceed 80% of the appraised value of the property. Commercial construction loans are typically made for periods not to exceed two years or date of occupancy, whichever is less.



Commercial Real Estate Loans.  Commercial real estate loans are typically made to a maximum of 80% of the appraised value.  Such loans are generally made on an adjustable rate basis.  These loans are typically made for terms of 15 to 20 years.  Loans with an amortizing term exceeding 15 years normally have a balloon feature calling for a full repayment within seven to ten years from the date of the loan.  The balloon feature affords the Bancorp the opportunity to restructure the loan if economic conditions so warrant.  Commercial real estate loans include loans secured by commercial rental units, apartments, condominium developments, small shopping centers, owner occupied commercial/industrial properties, hospitality units and other retail and commercial developments.

While commercial real estate lending is generally considered to involve a higher degree of risk than single-family residential lending due to the concentration of principal in a limited number of loans and the effects of general economic conditions on real estate developers and managers, the Bancorp has endeavored to reduce this risk in several ways. In originating commercial real estate loans, the Bancorp considers the feasibility of the project, the financial strength of the borrowers and lessees, the managerial ability of the borrowers, the location of the project and the economic environment.  Management evaluates the debt coverage ratio and analyzes the reliability of cash flows, as well as the quality of earnings. All such loans are made in accordance with well-defined underwriting standards and are generally supported by personal guarantees, which represent a secondary source of repayment.

Loans for the construction of commercial properties are generally located within an area permitting physical inspection and regular review of business records. Projects financed outside of the Bancorp’s primary lending area generally involve borrowers and guarantors who are or were previous customers of the Bancorp or projects that are underwritten according to the Bank’s underwriting standards.

Consumer Loans.  The Bancorp offers consumer loans to individuals for personal, household or family purposes. Consumer loans are either secured by adequate collateral, or unsecured.  Unsecured loans are based on the strength of the applicant’s financial condition. All borrowers must meet current underwriting standards. The consumer loan program includes both fixed and variable rate products. On a limited basis, the Bancorp purchases indirect dealer paper from various well-established businesses in its immediate banking area.

Home Equity Line of Credit.  The Bancorp offers a fixed and variable rate revolving line of credit secured by the equity in the borrower’s home.  Both products offer an interest only option where the borrower pays interest only on the outstanding balance each month. Equity lines will typically require a second mortgage appraisal and a second mortgage lender’s title insurance policy.  Loans are generally made up to a maximum of 80% of the appraised value of the property less any outstanding liens.

Home Improvement Loans and Equity Loans—Fixed Term.  Home improvement and equity loans are made up to a maximum of 80% of the appraised value of the improved property, less any outstanding liens. These loans are offered on both a fixed and variable rate basis with a maximum term of 120 months. All home equity loans are made on a direct basis to borrowers.



Commercial Business Loans.  Although the Bancorp’s priority in extending various types of commercial business loans changes from time to time, the basic considerations in determining the makeup of the commercial business loan portfolio are economic factors, regulatory requirements and money market conditions. The Bancorp seeks commercial loan relationships from the local business community and from its present customers. Conservative lending policies based upon sound credit analysis governs the extension of commercial credit. The following loans, although not inclusive, are considered preferable for the Bancorp’s commercial loan portfolio: loans collateralized by liquid assets; loans secured by general use machinery and equipment; secured short-term working capital loans to established businesses secured by business assets; short-term loans with established sources of repayment and secured by sufficient equity and real estate; and unsecured loans to customers whose character and capacity to repay are firmly established.

Government Loans.  The Bancorp is permitted to purchase non-rated municipal securities, tax anticipation notes and warrants within the local market area.

Non-Performing Assets, Asset Classification and Provision for Loan Losses

Loans are reviewed on a regular basis and are generally placed on a non-accrual status when, in the opinion of management, serious doubt exists as to the collectability of a loan.  Loans are generally placed on non-accrual status when either principal or interest is 90 days or more past due.  Consumer non-residential loans are generally charged off when the loan becomes over 120 days delinquent.  Interest accrued and unpaid at the time a loan is placed on non-accrual status is charged against interest income.  Subsequent payments are either applied to the outstanding principal balance, tax and insurance reserve or recorded as interest income, depending on the assessment of the ultimate collectability of the loan.

The Bancorp’s mortgage loan collection procedures provide that, when a mortgage loan is 15 days or more delinquent, the borrower will be contacted by mail and payment requested.  If the delinquency continues, subsequent efforts will be made to contact the delinquent borrower.  In certain instances, the Bancorp will recast the loan or grant a limited moratorium on loan payments to enable the borrower to reorganize his, her or its financial affairs.  If the loan continues in a delinquent status for 60 days, the Bancorp will generally initiate foreclosure proceedings.  Any property acquired as the result of foreclosure or by voluntary transfer of property made to avoid foreclosure is classified as foreclosed real estate until such time as it is sold or otherwise disposed of by the Bancorp.  Foreclosed real estate is recorded at fair value at the date of foreclosure.  At foreclosure, any write-down of the property is charged to the allowance for loan losses.  Costs relating to improvement of property are capitalized, whereas holding costs are expensed.  Valuations are periodically performed by management, and a valuation allowance is established by a charge to operations if the carrying value of a property exceeds its estimated fair value less selling costs.  Subsequent gains or losses on disposition, including expenses incurred in connection with the disposition, are charged to operations.  Collection procedures for consumer loans provide that when a consumer loan becomes ten days delinquent, the borrower will be contacted by mail and payment requested.  If the delinquency continues, subsequent efforts will be made to contact the delinquent borrower.  In certain instances, the Bancorp may grant a payment deferral.  If a loan continues delinquent after 90 days and all collection efforts have been exhausted, the Bancorp will initiate legal proceedings.  Collection procedures for commercial business loans provide that when a commercial loan becomes ten days delinquent, the borrower will be contacted by mail and payment requested.  If the delinquency continues, subsequent efforts will be made to contact the delinquent borrower pursuant to the commercial loan collection policy.  In certain instances, the Bancorp may grant a payment deferral or restructure the loan.  Once it has been determined that collection efforts are unsuccessful, the Bancorp will initiate legal proceedings.



At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp classified five loans totaling $12.1 million as troubled debt restructurings, which involves modifying the terms of a loan to forego a portion of interest or principal or reducing the interest rate on the loan to a rate materially less than market rates.  The troubled debt restructurings are comprised of one construction development participation hotel loan in the amount of $1.2 million, for which a significant deferral of principal repayment was granted.  The second troubled debt restructuring is for a commercial real estate participation hotel loan in the amount of $5.0 million, for which a significant deferral of principal repayment and extension in maturity was granted.  The third is for a commercial real estate hotel loan in the amount of $5.0 million for which a significant deferral of principal repayment was granted.  This loan is on accrual status and classified as impaired.  In addition, two commercial real estate troubled debt restructurings in the total amount of $893 thousand are currently in bankruptcy proceedings, for which a significant deferral of principal and interest repayment was granted by the Bank as required by the bankruptcy plan.  All of the loans classified as troubled debt restructurings are currently on nonaccrual status and classified as impaired except for one loan, which is on accrual status.  The valuation basis for the Bancorp’s troubled debt restructurings is based on the present value of cash flow, unless consistent cash flows are not present, then the fair value of the collateral securing the loan is the basis for valuation.



  The following table sets forth information regarding the Bancorp’s non-performing assets as December 31 for each period indicated.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

Loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis:
Real estate:
  $ 2,843     $ 2,789     $ 2,316     $ 1,383     $ 1,128  
    20,642       13,927       7,902       6,065       1,467  
Commercial business
    482       358       712       328       301  
    -       -       7       -       -  
  $ 23,967     $ 17,074     $ 10,937     $ 7,776     $ 2,896  
Accruing loans which are contractually past due 90 days or more:
Real estate:
  $ 145     $ 1,268     $ 1,198     $ 819     $ 156  
    -       -       278       -       -  
Commercial business
    -       -       -       -       -  
    3       223       -       23       26  
  $ 148     $ 1,491     $ 1,476     $ 842     $ 182  
Total of non-accrual and 90 days past due
  $ 24,115     $ 18,565     $ 12,413     $ 8,618     $ 3,078  
Ratio of non-performing loans to total assets
    3.82 %     2.81 %     1.87 %     1.37 %     0.50 %
Ratio of non-performing loans to total loans
    5.77 %     4.05 %     2.54 %     1.84 %     0.65 %
Foreclosed real estate
  $ 3,298     $ 3,747     $ 527     $ 136     $ 323  
Ratio of foreclosed real estate to total assets
    0.52 %     0.57 %     0.08 %     0.02 %     0.05 %

During 2010, gross interest income of $1,745,000 would have been recorded on loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis if the loans had been current throughout the period.  Interest on such loans included in income during the period amounted to $679,000.

Federal regulations require savings banks to classify their own loans and to establish appropriate general and specific allowances, subject to regulatory review.  These regulations are designed to encourage management to evaluate loans on a case-by-case basis and to discourage automatic classifications.  Loans classified as substandard or doubtful must be evaluated by management to determine loan loss reserves.  Loans classified as loss must either be written off or reserved for by a specific allowance.  Amounts reported in the general loan loss reserve are included in the calculation of the Bancorp’s total risk-based capital requirement (to the extent that the amount does not exceed 1.25% of total risk-based assets), but are not included in Tier 1 leverage ratio calculations and Tier 1 risk-based capital requirements.  Amounts reserved for by a specific allowance are not counted toward capital for purposes of any of the regulatory capital requirements.  Loans internally classified as substandard totaled $32.7 million at December 31, 2010, compared to $22.7 million at December 31, 2009.  No loans are internally classified as doubtful at December 31, 2010 or 2009.  No loans were classified as loss at either December 31, 2010 or 2009.  Substandard loans include non-performing loans and potential problem loans, where information about possible credit issues or other conditions causes management to question the ability of such borrowers to comply with loan covenants or repayment terms.   In addition to identifying and monitoring non-performing and other classified loans, management maintains a list of watch loans.  Watch loans represent loans management is closely monitoring due to one or more factors that may cause the loan to become classified.  Watch loans totaled $26.7 million at December 31, 2009, compared to $24.3 million at December 31, 2010.


A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that a borrower will be unable to pay all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement.  At December 31, 2010, impaired loans totaled $26.0 million, compared to $17.0 million at December 31, 2009.  The December 31, 2010, impaired loan balances consist of twenty-five commercial real estate and commercial business loans that are secured by business assets and real estate, and are personally guaranteed by the owners of the businesses.  The December 31, 2010 allowance for loan losses (ALL) contained $2.8 million in specific allowances for collateral deficiencies, compared to $1.2 million in specific allowances at December 31, 2009.  The increase in specific allowances is a result of the continued downward pressure on market valuations that are based on projected cash flows.  During the fourth quarter of 2010, one additional commercial real estate loan totaling $585 thousand was newly classified as impaired.  Management’s current estimate indicates a collateral deficiency of $42 thousand for this loan.  In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2010 eight loans totaling $1.6 million were removed from impaired status.  As of December 31, 2010, all loans classified as impaired were also included in the previously discussed substandard loan balances.  There were no other loans considered to be impaired loans as of December 31, 2010.  Typically, management does not individually classify smaller-balance homogeneous loans, such as mortgage or consumer loans, as impaired.

At December 31, 2010, management is of the opinion that there are no loans, except those discussed above, where known information about possible credit problems of borrowers causes management to have serious doubts as to the ability of such borrowers to comply with the present loan repayment terms and which may result in disclosure of such loans as non-accrual, past due or restructured loans.  Management does not presently anticipate that any of the non-performing loans or classified loans would materially impact future operations, liquidity or capital resources.

The Bancorp is a party to financial instruments in the normal course of business to meet financing needs of its customers.  These financial instruments, which include commitments to make loans and standby letters of credit, are not reflected in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.  Such financial instruments are recorded when they are funded.  The Bancorp has a $1.1 million participation in a $6.4 million letter of credit, which acts as payment support to bondholders.  The letter of credit is secured by a cash collateral account in the amount of $2.2 million and a collateralized guarantee in the amount of $1.0 million.   Currently, the letter of credit participants have secured a signed lease from a new tenant that opened for operations during May 2009.  The signing of the lease resolved one of the defaults that existed under the letter of credit document.  During the first quarter of 2010, all prior remaining defaults have been resolved.  Management will continue to monitor the letter of credit, bond repayments and the operating results of the new tenant.



For 2010, $5.6 million in provisions to the ALL were required, compared to $8.5 million for 2009.  The current year ALL provisions were related to the elevated credit risk in the commercial real estate participation, commercial real estate and commercial business loan portfolios.  Charge-offs, net of recoveries, totaled $2.6 million for 2010, compared to $7.1 million for 2009.  The 2010 net loan charge-offs of $2.6 million were comprised of $987 thousand in commercial real estate participation loans, $900 thousand in commercial real estate loans, $764 thousand in residential real estate loans, $182 thousand in commercial business loans and $35 thousand in consumer loans.  The ALL provisions take into consideration management’s current judgments about the credit quality of the loan portfolio, loan portfolio balances, changes in the portfolio mix and local economic conditions.  In determining the provision for loan losses for the current period, management has given consideration to increased risks associated with the local economy, changes in loan balances and mix, and asset quality.

The ALL to total loans was 2.18% at December 31, 2010, compared to 1.33% at December 31, 2009.  The increase in ALL to total loans was a result of the increase in substandard and non-performing loans, and additional qualitative risks associated with the current stressed economic environment.  The ALL to non-performing loans (coverage ratio) was 37.8% at December 31, 2010, compared to 32.9% at December 31, 2009.  The December 31, 2010 balance in the ALL account of $9.1 million is considered adequate by management after evaluation of the loan portfolio, past experience and current economic and market conditions.  While management may periodically allocate portions of the allowance for specific problem loans, the whole allowance is available for any loan charge-offs that occur.  The allocation of the ALL reflects performance and growth trends within the various loan categories, as well as consideration of the facts and circumstances that affect the repayment of individual loans, and loans which have been pooled as of the evaluation date, with particular attention given to non-performing loans and loans which have been classified as substandard, doubtful or loss.  Management has allocated reserves to both performing and non-performing loans based on current information available.



The table that follows sets forth the allowance for loan losses and related ratios for the periods indicated.  There were no charge-offs or recoveries of real estate construction loans during the periods presented.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

Balance at beginning of period
  $ 6,114     $ 5,830     $ 4,581     $ 4,267     $ 4,181  
Loans charged-off:
Real estate - residential
    (764 )     (489 )     (27 )     -       -  
Commercial real estate
    (900 )     (268 )     (64 )     -       -  
Commercial real estate participations
    (987 )     (7,133 )     (1,026 )     -       -  
Commercial business
    (182 )     (504 )     (1 )     -       -  
    (35 )     (46 )     (109 )     (268 )     (7 )
Total charge-offs
    (2,868 )     (8,440 )     (1,227 )     (268 )     (7 )
Residential real estate
    38       1       2       3       20  
Commercial real estate
    -       15       7       -       33  
Commercial real estate participations
    248       45       -       -       -  
Commercial business
    10       116       -       24       21  
    9       7       79       3       4  
Total recoveries
    305       184       88       30       78  
Net (charge-offs) / recoveries
    (2,563 )     (8,256 )     (1,139 )     (238 )     71  
Provision for loan losses
    5,570       8,540       2,388       552       15  
Balance at end of period
  $ 9,121     $ 6,114     $ 5,830     $ 4,581     $ 4,267  
ALL to loans outstanding
    2.18 %     1.33 %     1.19 %     0.98 %     0.90 %
ALL to nonperforming loans
    37.82 %     32.93 %     46.97 %     53.16 %     138.60 %
Net charge-offs / recoveries to average loans out - standing during the period
    -0.57 %     -1.75 %     -0.24 %     -0.05 %     0.02 %

The following table shows the allocation of the allowance for loan losses at December 31, for the dates indicated.  The dollar amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).  The percent columns represent the percentage of loans in each category to total loans.

Real estate loans:
    994       36.6       241       40.2       394       46.2       808       47.8       761       60.0  
Commercial and other dwelling
    7,477       45.9       5,371       42.5       3,934       40.3       2,353       39.2       1,472       26.9  
Consumer loans
    30       0.2       51       0.3       69       0.4       53       0.5       87       0.6  
Commercial business and other
    620       17.3       451       17.0       1,433       13.1       1,367       12.5       1,947       12.5  
    9,121       100.0       6,114       100.0       5,830       100.0       4,581       100.0       4,267       100.0  

Investment Activities

The primary objective of the investment portfolio is to provide for the liquidity needs of the Bancorp and to contribute to profitability by providing a stable flow of dependable earnings.  Securities are classified as either held-to-maturity (HTM) or available-for-sale (AFS) at the time of purchase.  No securities are classified as trading.  At December 31, 2010, AFS securities totaled $142.1 million or 88.5% of total securities.  AFS securities are those the Bancorp may decide to sell if needed for liquidity, asset-liability management or other reasons.  During 2010, the Bancorp did not have derivative instruments and was not involved in hedging activities as defined by Accounting Standards Codification Topic 815 Derivatives and Hedging.  It has been the policy of the Bancorp to invest its excess cash in U.S. government agency securities, mortgage-backed securities, collateralized mortgage obligations and municipal securities.  In addition, short-term funds are generally invested as interest-bearing balances in financial institutions and federal funds.  At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp’s investment portfolio totaled $160.5 million.  In addition, the Bancorp had $3.4 million federal funds sold, and $3.4 million in FHLB stock.

The table below shows the carrying values of the components of the investment securities portfolio at December 31, on the dates indicated.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

U.S. government agencies:
    4,169       2,045       5,621  
Mortgage-backed securities (1):
    32,682       32,778       32,745  
    824       1,018       388  
Collateralized Mortgage Obligations (1):
    64,460       53,030       36,476  
Municipal Securities:
    39,365       35,573       26,679  
    17,573       18,539       18,127  
Corporate Securities:
    -       -       4,813  
Trust Preferred Securities:
    1,379       1,350       1,873  
  $ 160,452     $ 144,333     $ 126,722  

(1) Mortgage-backed securities and Collateralized Mortgage Obligations are U.S. government agency and sponsored securities.

The contractual maturities and weighted average yields for the U.S. government securities, agency securities, municipal securities, and trust preferred securities at December 31, 2010, are summarized in the table below.  Securities not due at a single maturity date, such as mortgage-backed securities and collateralized mortgage obligations are not included in the following table.  The carrying values are stated in thousands (000’s).

Within 1 Year
1 - 5 Years
5 - 10 Years
After 10 Years
U.S. government Securities:
    -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %
U.S. government Agencies:
    -       0.00 %     3,170       0.47 %     999       3.00 %     -       0.00 %
    -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %
Municipal Securities:
    191       4.75 %     2,098       4.04 %     8,160       4.16 %     28,916       4.18 %
    -       0.00 %     1,876       4.27 %     11,392       4.09 %     4,305       4.04 %
Trust Preferred Securities:
    -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     -       0.00 %     1,379       1.03 %
  $ 191       4.75 %   $ 7,144       2.52 %   $ 20,551       4.06 %   $ 34,600       4.04 %



The Bancorp currently holds four trust preferred securities of which three of the securities’ quarterly interest payments have been placed in “payment in kind” status.  Payment in kind status results in a temporary delay in the payment of interest.  As a result of a delay in the collection of the interest payments, management placed these securities in non-accrual status.  At December 31, 2010, the cost basis of the three trust preferred securities in non-accrual status totaled $3.9 million.  Current estimates indicate that the interest payment delays may exceed ten years.  One trust preferred security with a cost basis of $1.3 million remains in accrual status.

Sources of Funds

General.  Deposits are the major source of the Bancorp’s funds for lending and other investment purposes.  In addition to deposits, the Bancorp derives funds from maturing investment securities and certificates of deposit, dividend receipts from the investment portfolio, loan principal repayments, repurchase agreements, advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis (FHLB) and other borrowings.  Loan repayments are a relatively stable source of funds, while deposit inflows and outflows are significantly influenced by general interest rates and money market conditions.  Borrowings may be used on a short-term basis to compensate for reductions in the availability of other sources of funds.  They may also be used on a longer-term basis for general business purposes.  The Bancorp uses repurchase agreements, as well as a line-of-credit and advances from the FHLB for borrowings.  At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp had $16.1 million in repurchase agreements.  Other borrowings totaled $32.5 million, of which $29.0 million represents FHLB advances.

Deposits.  Retail and commercial deposits are attracted principally from within the Bancorp’s primary market area.  The Bancorp offers a broad selection of deposit instruments including checking accounts, NOW accounts, savings accounts, money market deposit accounts, certificate accounts and retirement savings plans. Deposit accounts vary as to terms, with the principal differences being the minimum balance required, the time period the funds must remain on deposit and the interest rate.  Certificate accounts currently range in maturity from ten days to 42 months.  The deregulation of federal controls on insured deposits has allowed the Bancorp to be more competitive in obtaining funds and to be flexible in meeting the threat of net deposit outflows.  The Bancorp does not obtain funds through brokers.



The following table presents the average daily amount of deposits bearing interest and average rates paid on such deposits for the years indicated.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

Rate %
Rate %
Rate %
Demand deposits
  $ 48,975       -     $ 44,438       -     $ 43,753       -  
NOW accounts
    110,078       0.32       93,938       0.41       92,198       0.89  
MMDA accounts
    116,871       0.48       108,874       0.82       113,266       1.94  
Savings accounts
    60,830       0.20       55,665       0.22       52,830       0.40  
Certificates of deposit
    216,168       1.33       237,789       2.39       215,327       3.44  
Total deposits
  $ 552,922       0.71     $ 540,704       1.31     $ 517,374       2.06  

Maturities of time certificates of deposit and other time deposits of $100,000 or more at December 31, 2010 are summarized as follows.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

3 months or less
  $ 23,865  
Over 3 months through 6 months
Over 6 months through 12 months
Over 12 months
  $ 83,476  
Borrowings.  Borrowed money is used on a short-term basis to compensate for reductions in the availability of other sources of funds and is generally accomplished through repurchase agreements, as well as, through a line of credit and advances from the FHLB.  Repurchase agreements generally mature within one year and are generally secured by U.S. government securities or U.S. agency securities, under the Bancorp’s control.  FHLB advances with maturities ranging from one year to five years are used to fund securities and loans of comparable duration, as well as to reduce the impact that movements in short-term interest rates have on the Bancorp’s overall cost of funds.  Fixed rate advances are payable at maturity, with a prepayment penalty.  Putable advances are fixed for a period of one to five years and then may adjust annually to the three-month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) until maturity.  Once the putable advance interest rate adjusts, the Bancorp has the option to prepay the advance on specified annual interest rate reset dates without prepayment penalty.



The following tables set forth certain information regarding borrowing and repurchase agreements by the Bancorp at the end of and during the periods indicated.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000’s).

At December 31,
Fixed rate advances from the FHLB
    24,000       33,000       41,000  
Putable advances from the FHLB
    5,000       5,000       5,000  
Variable advances from the FHLB
    -       -       -  
FHLB line-of-credit
    3,248       8,464       2,044  
Limited partnership obligation
    -       -       -  
Overdrawn due from & Treasury Tax & Loan
    296       665       978  
Total borrowings
  $ 32,544     $ 47,129     $ 49,022  
At December 31,
Repurchase agreements:
  $ 16,074     $ 15,893     $ 25,773  
Securities underlying the agreements:
Ending carrying amount
    24,484       27,394       37,414  
Ending fair value
    24,915       27,829       37,316  
Weighted average rate (1)
    0.70 %     1.34 %     1.46 %
For year ended December 31,
Highest month-end balance
  $ 22,369     $ 23,451     $ 25,773  
Average outstanding balance
    19,469       21,333       16,301  
Weighted average rate on securities sold under agreements to repurchase (2)
    0.92 %     1.36 %     2.65 %

(1)           The weighted average rate for each period is calculated by weighting the principal balances outstanding for the various interest rates.
(2)           The weighted average rate is calculated by dividing the interest expense for the period by the average daily balances of securities sold under agreements to repurchase for the period.



Trust Powers

The activities of the Bancorp's Wealth Management Group provides estate and retirement planning, guardianships, land trusts, profit sharing and 401(k) retirement plans, IRA and Keogh accounts, investment agency accounts, and serves as personal representative of estates and acts as trustee for revocable and irrevocable trusts.  At December 31, 2010, the market value of the Wealth Management Group’s assets totaled $238.5 million, an increase of $15.8 million, compared to December 31, 2009.

Analysis of Profitability and Key Operating Ratios

Distribution of Assets, Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity;
Interest Rates and Interest Differential.

The net earnings of the Bancorp depend primarily upon the “spread” (difference) between (a) the income it receives from its loan portfolio and other investments, and (b) its cost of money, consisting principally of the interest paid on savings accounts and on other borrowings.

The following table presents the weighted average yields on loans and securities, the weighted average cost of interest-bearing deposits and other borrowings, and the interest rate spread for the year ended December 31, 2010.

Weighted average yield:
    3.81 %
Loans receivable
Federal Home Loan Bank stock
Total interest-earning assets
Weighted average cost:
Deposit accounts
Borrowed funds
Total interest-bearing liabilities
Interest rate spread:
Weighted average yield on interest-earning
assets minus the weighted average cost of
interest-bearing funds

Financial Ratios and the Analysis of Changes in Net Interest Income.

The tables below set forth certain financial ratios of the Bancorp for the periods indicated:
Year ended December 31,
Return on average assets
    0.77 %     0.37 %     0.91 %
Return on average equity
    9.03       4.55       10.96  
Average equity-to-average assets ratio
    8.56       8.17       8.32  
Dividend payout ratio
    39.3       136.9       68.2  
At December 31,
Total stockholders’ equity to total assets
    8.89 %     8.02 %     7.94 %



The average balance sheet amounts, the related interest income or expense, and average rates earned or paid are presented in the following table.
The amounts are stated in thousands (000's).

Year ended December 31, 2010
Year ended December 31, 2009
Year ended December 31, 2008
Interest bearing balances
in financial institutions
  $ 12,135     $ 28       0.23 %   $ 6,574     $ 9       0.14 %   $ 802     $ 10       1.25 %
Federal funds sold
    5,227       1       0.01       5,240       5       0.10       2,448       55       2.25  
    157,730       6,006       3.81       139,212       6,186       4.44       120,782       5,833       4.83  
Total investments
    175,092       6,035       3.45       151,026       6,200       4.11       124,032       5,898       4.76  
Real estate mortgage loans
    366,566       19,759       5.39       397,146       22,046       5.55       417,819       25,274       6.05  
Commercial business loans
    78,921       4,216       5.34       73,669       3,822       5.19       64,912       3,843       5.92  
Consumer loans
    1,064       76       7.14       1,725       121       7.02       2,123       152       7.16  
Total loans
    446,551       24,051       5.39       472,540       25,989       5.50       484,854       29,269       6.04  
Total interest-earning assets
    621,643       30,086       4.84       623,566       32,189       5.16       608,886       35,167       5.78  
Allowance for loan losses
    (7,585 )                     (6,153 )                     (5,160 )                
Cash and due from banks
    7,773                       9,243                       9,393                  
Premises and equipment
    19,412                       19,444                       17,542                  
Other assets
    28,322                       23,490                       19,735                  
Total assets
  $ 669,565                     $ 669,590                     $ 650,396                  
Demand deposit
  $ 48,975       -       - %   $ 44,438       -       - %   $ 43,754       -       - %
NOW accounts
    110,078       353       0.32       93,938       389       0.41       92,198       824       0.89  
Money market demand accounts
    116,871       556       0.48       108,874       891       0.82       113,266       2,200       1.94  
Savings accounts
    60,830       122       0.20       55,665       124       0.22       52,829       209       0.40  
Certificates of deposit
    216,168       2,883       1.33       237,789       5,679       2.39       215,327       7,414       3.44  
Total interest-bearing deposits
    552,922       3,914       0.71       540,704       7,083       1.31       517,374       10,647       2.06  
Borrowed funds
    52,792       1,075       2.04       68,017       1,758       2.58       74,266       2,286       3.08  
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    605,714       4,989       0.82       608,721       8,841       1.45       591,640       12,933       2.19  
Other liabilities
    6,516                       6,154                       4,663                  
Total liabilities
    612,230                       614,875                       596,303                  
Stockholders' equity
    57,335                       54,715                       54,093                  
Total liabilities and
stockholders' equity
  $ 669,565                     $ 669,590                     $ 650,396                  
Net interest income
          $ 25,097                     $ 23,348                     $ 22,234          
Net interest spread
                    4.02 %                     3.71 %                     3.59 %
Net interest margin**
                    4.04 %                     3.74 %                     3.65 %

*    Non-accruing loans have been included in the average balances.
** Net interest income divided by average interest-earning assets.



Rate/Volume Analysis

The table below sets forth certain information regarding changes in interest income and interest expense of the Bancorp for the periods indicated.  For each category of interest-earning asset and interest-bearing liability, information is provided on changes attributable to: (1) changes in volume (change in volume multiplied by old rate) and (2) changes in rate (change in rate multiplied by old volume).  Changes attributable to both rate and volume which cannot be segregated have been allocated proportionately to the change due to volume and the change due to rate.  The amounts are stated in thousands (000's).

Year Ended December 31,
Year Ended December 31,
Increase / (Decrease)
Increase / (Decrease)
Due To
Due To
Interest income:
Loans receivable
  $ (1,408 )   $ (530 )   $ (1,938 )   $ (729 )   $ (2,551 )   $ (3,280 )
    766       (946 )     (180 )     843       (490 )     353  
Other interest-earning assets
    8       6       14       53       (103 )     (50 )
Total interest-earning assets
    (634 )     (1,470 )     (2,104 )     167       (3,144 )     (2,977 )
Interest Expense:
    126       (3,295 )     (3,169 )     506       (4,071 )     (3,565 )
Borrowed Funds
    (354 )     (329 )     (683 )     (177 )     (351 )     (528 )
Total interest-bearing liabilities
    (228 )     (3,624 )     (3,852 )     329       (4,422 )     (4,093 )
Net change in net interest income/(expense)
  $ (406 )   $ 2,154     $ 1,748     $ (162 )   $ 1,278     $ 1,116  



Bank Subsidiary Activities

Peoples Service Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Bank was incorporated under the laws of the State of Indiana.  The subsidiary currently provides insurance and annuity investments to the Bank’s wealth management customers.  At December 31, 2010, the Bank had an investment balance of $140 thousand in Peoples Service Corporation.

NWIN, LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Bank.  NWIN, LLC was incorporated under the laws of the State of Nevada as an investment subsidiary. The investment subsidiary currently holds Bank security investments, which are managed by a professional portfolio manager.  In addition, the investment subsidiary is the parent of a real estate investment trust, NWIN Funding, Inc., that invests in real estate loans originated by the Bank.  At December 31, 2010, the Bank had an investment balance of $208.7 million in NWIN, LLC.  The investment balance represents a decrease of $2.5 million, as a result of return of capital to the Bank during 2010.

NWIN Funding, Inc. is a subsidiary of NWIN, LLC, and was formed as an Indiana Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT).  The formation of NWIN Funding, Inc. provides the Bancorp with a vehicle that may be used to raise capital utilizing portfolio mortgages as collateral, without diluting stock ownership.  In addition, NWIN Funding, Inc. will receive favorable state tax treatment for income generated by its operations.  At December 31, 2010, the REIT held assets of $52.3 million in real estate loans.
The Consolidated Financial Statements of the Bancorp include the assets, liabilities, net worth and results of operations of the Bank and its subsidiaries.  Significant inter-company transactions have been eliminated in the consolidation.


The Bancorp’s primary market area for deposits, loans and financial services encompasses Lake and Porter Counties, in northwest Indiana, where all of its offices are located.  Ninety-five percent of the Bancorp’s business activities are within this area.

The Bancorp faces strong competition in its primary market area for the attraction and retention of deposits and in the origination of loans.  The Bancorp’s most direct competition for deposits has historically come from commercial banks, savings associations and credit unions located in its primary market area.  Particularly in times of high interest rates, the Bancorp has had significant competition from mutual funds and other firms offering financial services.  The Bancorp’s competition for loans comes principally from savings associations, commercial banks, mortgage banking companies, credit unions, insurance companies and other institutional lenders.

The Bancorp competes for loans principally through the interest rates and loan fees it charges and the efficiency and quality of the services it provides borrowers and other third-party sources.  It competes for deposits by offering depositors a wide variety of savings accounts, checking accounts, competitive interest rates, convenient banking center locations, drive-up facilities, automatic teller machines, tax-deferred retirement programs, electronic banking and other miscellaneous services.

The activities of the Bancorp and the Bank in the geographic market served involve competition with other banks as well as with other financial institutions and enterprises, many of which have substantially greater resources than those available to the Bancorp.  In addition, non-bank competitors are generally not subject to the extensive regulation applicable to the Bancorp and the Bank.


As of December 31, 2010, the Bank had 159 full-time and 35 part-time employees. The employees are not represented by a collective bargaining agreement. Management believes its employee relations are good.  The Bancorp has five officers (listed below under Item 4.5 “Executive Officers of the Bancorp”), but has no other employees. The Bancorp’s officers also are full-time employees of the Bank, and are compensated by the Bank.

Regulation and Supervision

Bank Holding Company Regulation.  As a registered bank holding company for the Bank, the Bancorp is subject to the regulation and supervision of the FRB under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the "BHCA").  Bank holding companies are required to file periodic reports with and are subject to periodic examination by the FRB.

Under the BHCA, without the prior approval of the FRB, the Bancorp may not acquire direct or indirect control of more than 5% of the voting stock or substantially all of the assets of any company, including a bank, and may not merge or consolidate with another bank holding company.  In addition, the Bancorp is generally prohibited by the BHCA from engaging in any nonbanking business unless such business is determined by the FRB to be so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident thereto.  Under the BHCA, the FRB has the authority to require a bank holding company to terminate any activity or relinquish control of a nonbank subsidiary (other than a nonbank subsidiary of a bank) upon the FRB's determination that such activity or control constitutes a serious risk to the financial soundness and stability of any bank subsidiary of the bank holding company.

Under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act”), a bank holding company is expected to serve as a source of financial and managerial strength to its subsidiary banks.  Pursuant to this requirement, a bank holding company should stand ready to use its resources to provide adequate capital funds to its subsidiary banks during periods of financial stress or adversity. This support may be required by the FRB at times when the Bancorp may not have the resources to provide it or, for other reasons, would not be inclined to provide it.  Additionally, under the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvements Act of 1991 ("FDICIA"), a bank holding company is required to provide limited guarantee of the compliance by any insured depository institution subsidiary that may become "undercapitalized" (as defined in the statute) with the terms of any capital restoration plan filed by such subsidiary with its appropriate federal banking agency.

Savings Bank Regulation.  As an Indiana stock savings bank, the Bank is subject to federal regulation and supervision by the FDIC and to state regulation and supervision by the DFI.  The Bank's deposit accounts are insured by DIF, which is administered by the FDIC.  The Bank is not a member of the Federal Reserve System.

Both federal and Indiana law extensively regulate various aspects of the banking business such as reserve requirements, truth-in-lending and truth-in-savings disclosures, equal credit opportunity, fair credit reporting, trading in securities and other aspects of banking operations.  Current federal law also requires savings banks, among other things, to make deposited funds available within specified time periods.

Under FDICIA, insured state chartered banks are prohibited from engaging as principal in activities that are not permitted for national banks, unless: (i) the FDIC determines that the activity would pose no significant risk to the appropriate deposit insurance fund, and (ii) the bank is, and continues to be, in compliance with all applicable capital standards.

Branches and Acquisitions.  Branching by the Bank requires the approval of the Federal Reserve and the DFI.  Under current law, Indiana chartered banks may establish branches throughout the state and in other states, subject to certain limitations.  Congress authorized interstate branching, with certain limitations, beginning in 1997.  Indiana law authorizes an Indiana bank to establish one or more branches in states other than Indiana through interstate merger transactions and to establish one or more interstate branches through de novo branching or the acquisition of a branch.  The Dodd-Frank Act permits the establishment of de novo branches in states where such branches could be opened by a state bank chartered by that state.  The consent of the state is no longer required.

Transactions with Affiliates.  Under Indiana law, the Bank is subject to Sections 22(h), 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act, which restrict financial transactions between banks and affiliated companies, such as the Bancorp.  The statute limits credit transactions between a bank and its executive officers and its affiliates, prescribes terms and conditions for bank affiliate transactions deemed to be consistent with safe and sound banking practices, and restricts the types of collateral security permitted in connection with a bank's extension of credit to an affiliate.

Capital Requirements.  The FRB and the FDIC have issued substantially similar risk-based and leverage capital guidelines that are applicable to the Bancorp and the Bank.  These guidelines require a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets (including certain off-balance sheet activities such as standby letters of credit) of 8%.  At least half of the total required capital must be "Tier 1 capital," consisting principally of common stockholders' equity, noncumulative perpetual preferred stock, a limited amount of cumulative perpetual preferred stock and minority interests in the equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, less certain goodwill items.  The remainder ("Tier 2 capital") may consist of a limited amount of subordinated debt and intermediate-term preferred stock, certain hybrid capital instruments and other debt securities, cumulative perpetual preferred stock, and a limited amount of the allowance for loan losses.

In addition to the risk-based capital guidelines, the Bancorp and the Bank are subject to a Tier 1 (leverage) capital ratio which requires a minimum level of Tier 1 capital to adjusted average assets of 3% in the case of financial institutions that have the highest regulatory examination ratings and are not contemplating significant growth or expansion.  All other institutions are expected to maintain a ratio of at least 1% to 2% above the stated minimum.

The Dodd-Frank Act requires the FRB to set minimum capital levels for bank holding companies that are as stringent as those required for insured depository subsidiaries; provided, however, that bank holding companies with less than $500 million in assets are exempt from these capital requirements.  The legislation also established a floor for capital of insured depository institutions that cannot be lower than the standards in effect today, and directs the federal banking regulators to implement new leverage and capital requirements within 18 months that take into account off-balance sheet activities and risks, including risks related to securitized products and derivatives.

Pursuant to a resolution adopted by the Bank’s Board of Directors at the request of the DFI and the FDIC, the Bank has agreed to attain and thereafter maintain a minimum Tier 1 leverage ratio of 8.5% by June 30, 2011, and to maintain a 12% minimum total risk-based capital ratio from and after December 31, 2010.  The Bank is in compliance with these requirements.

FDICIA requires, among other things, federal bank regulatory authorities to take "prompt corrective action" with respect to banks that do not meet minimum capital requirements.  The FDIC has adopted regulations to implement the prompt corrective action provisions of FDICIA, which, among other things, define the relevant capital measures for five capital categories.  An institution is deemed to be "well capitalized" if it has a total risk-based capital ratio of 10% or greater, a Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio of 6% or greater, and a leverage ratio of 5% or greater, and is not subject to a regulatory order, agreement or directive to meet and maintain a specific capital level for any capital measure.

The following table shows that, at December 31, 2010, the Bancorp’s capital exceeded all regulatory capital requirements. At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp’s and the Bank’s regulatory capital ratios were substantially the same.  At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp and the Bank were categorized as well capitalized.  The dollar amounts are stated in millions.

Required for
To be well
adequate capital
Total capital to risk weighted assets
  $ 61.5       12.9 %   $ 38.0       8.0 %   $ 47.6       10.0 %
Tier 1 capital to risk weighted assets
  $ 55.5       11.7 %   $ 19.0       4.0 %   $ 28.5       6.0 %
Tier 1 capital to adjusted average assets
  $ 55.5       8.5 %   $ 19.5       3.0 %   $ 32.6       5.0 %

Banking regulators may change these requirements from time to time, depending on the economic outlook generally and the outlook for the banking industry.  The Bancorp is unable to predict whether and when higher capital requirements would be imposed and, if so, to what levels and on what schedule.



Dividend Limitations.  The Bancorp is a legal entity separate and distinct from the Bank.  The primary source of the Bancorp’s cash flow, including cash flow to pay dividends on the Bancorp’s Common Stock, is the payment of dividends to the Bancorp by the Bank.  Under Indiana law, the Bank may pay dividends of so much of its undivided profits (generally, earnings less losses, bad debts, taxes and other operating expenses) as is considered expedient by the Bank’s Board of Directors.  However, the Bank must obtain the approval of the DFI for the payment of a dividend if the total of all dividends declared by the Bank during the current year, including the proposed dividend, would exceed the sum of retained net income for the year to date plus its retained net income for the previous two years.  For this purpose, “retained net income” means net income as calculated for call report purposes, less all dividends declared for the applicable period.  Moreover, pursuant to a resolution adopted by the Bank’s Board of Directors adopted at the direction of the DFI and the FDIC, the Bank must obtain the consent of the DFI and the FDIC prior to any declaration of dividends.  Also, the FDIC has the authority to prohibit the Bank from paying dividends if, in its opinion, the payment of dividends would constitute an unsafe or unsound practice in light of the financial condition of the Bank.  In addition, under FRB supervisory policy, a bank holding company generally should not maintain its existing rate of cash dividends on common shares unless (i) the organization’s net income available to common shareholders over the past year has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends and (ii) the prospective rate of earnings retention appears consistent with the organization’s capital needs, assets, quality, and overall financial condition.  The FRB issued a letter dated February 24, 2009, to bank holding companies providing that it expects banks holding companies to consult with it in advance of declaring dividends that could raise safety and soundness concerns (i.e., such as when the dividend is not supported by earnings or involves a material increase in the dividend rate) and in advance of repurchasing shares of common preferred stock.

During the second quarter of 2010, the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (the Reserve Bank) notified the Bancorp’s management that future shareholder dividend payments would require Reserve Bank permission in accordance with Supervisory Letter 09-4. The Reserve Bank’s requirement to approve future dividend payments was a result of the Bancorp’s $1.4 million net loss recorded during the third quarter of 2009.  On January 28, 2011, the Bancorp’s Board of Directors adopted a resolution providing that the prior written consent of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago is required for the declaration of dividends by the Bancorp.  On December 17, 2010, the Bancorp announced that the Board of Directors of the Bancorp declared a fourth quarter dividend of $0.15 per share. The Bancorp’s fourth quarter dividend was paid to shareholders on January 4, 2011. During December 2010, the Reserve Bank of Chicago, the DFI, and the FDIC approved the fourth quarter dividend payments. The current dividend policy is reflective of the Bancorp Board’s commitment that the shareholders long term interests are best served through the preservation of capital in the current stressed economic environment.

Federal Deposit Insurance. Deposits in the Bank are insured by the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC up to a maximum amount, which is generally $250,000 per depositor, subject to aggregation rules.  The Bank is subject to deposit insurance assessments by the FDIC pursuant to its regulations establishing a risk-related deposit insurance assessment system, based on the institution’s capital levels and risk profile.  Under the FDIC’s risk-based assessment system, insured institutions are assigned to one of four risk-weighted categories based on supervisory evaluations, regulatory capital levels, and certain other factors with less risky institutions paying lower assessments. An institution’s initial assessment rate depends upon the category to which it is assigned. There are also adjustments to a bank’s initial assessment rates based on levels of long-term unsecured debt, secured liabilities in excess of 25% of domestic deposits and, for certain institutions, brokered deposit levels. For 2010, initial assessments ranged from 12 to 45 basis points of assessable deposits.  The Bank paid deposit insurance assessments of $875 thousand during the year ended December 31, 2010. For 2010, the deposit insurance assessment rate before applying one time credits was approximately 0.158% of insured deposits. No institution may pay a dividend if it is in default of the federal deposit insurance assessment.

The Bank is also subject to assessment for the Financing Corporation (FICO) to service the interest on its bond obligations. The amount assessed on individual institutions, including the Bank, by FICO is in addition to the amount paid for deposit insurance according to the risk-related assessment rate schedule. These assessments will continue until the FICO bonds are repaid between 2017 and 2019.  During 2010, the FICO assessment rate ranged between 1.04 and 1.06 basis points for each $100 of insured deposits per quarter.  For the first quarter of 2011, the FICO assessment rate is 1.02 basis points. The Bank paid interest payment assessments of $58 thousand during the year ended December 31, 2010. Future increases in deposit insurance premiums or changes in risk classification would increase the Bank’s deposit related costs.

On December 30, 2009, banks were required to pay the fourth quarter assessment and to prepay estimated insurance assessments for the years 2010 through 2012. The pre-payment did not affect the Bank’s earnings on that date. The Bank paid an aggregate of $3.7 million in premiums on December 30, 2009, $3.5 million of which constituted prepaid premiums.

Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the FDIC is authorized to set the reserve ratio for the Deposit Insurance Fund at no less than 1.35%, and must achieve the 1.35% designated reserve ratio by September 30, 2020. The FDIC must offset the effect of the increase in the minimum designated reserve ratio from 1.15% to 1.35% on insured depository institutions of less than $10 billion, and may declare dividends to depository institutions when the reserve ratio at the end of a calendar quarter is at least 1.5%, although the FDIC has the authority to suspend or limit such permitted dividend declarations. In December 2010, the FDIC adopted a final rule setting the designated reserve ratio for the deposit insurance fund at 2% of estimated insured deposits.

On October 19, 2010, the FDIC proposed a comprehensive long-range plan for Deposit Insurance Fund management with the goals of maintaining a positive fund balance, even during periods of large fund losses, and maintaining steady, predictable assessment rates throughout economic and credit cycles. The FDIC determined not to increase assessments in 2011 by 3 basis points, as previously proposed, but to keep the current rate schedule in effect. In addition, the FDIC proposed adopting a lower assessment rate schedule when the designated reserve ratio reaches 1.15% so that the average rate over time should be about 8.5 basis points. In lieu of dividends, the FDIC proposed adopting lower rate schedules when the reserve ratio reaches 2% and 2.5%, so that the average rates will decline about 25 percent and 50 percent, respectively.

Under the Dodd-Frank Act, the assessment base for deposit insurance premiums is to be changed from adjusted domestic deposits to average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity. Tangible equity for this purpose means Tier 1 capital. Since this is a larger base than adjusted domestic deposits, assessment rates are expected to be lower. In February 2011, the FDIC approved a new rule effective April 1, 2011 (to be reflected in invoices for assessments due September 30, 2011), which will implement these changes. The proposed rule includes new rate schedules scaled to the increase in the assessment base, including schedules that will go into effect when the reserve ratio reaches 1.15%, 2%, and 2.5%.  The FDIC staff projected that the new rate schedules would be approximately revenue neutral.

The schedule would reduce the initial base assessment rate in each of the four risk-based pricing categories.

For small Risk category I banks, the rates would range from 5-9 basis points.


The proposed rates for small institutions in Risk Categories II, III and IV would be 14, 23 and 35 basis points, respectively.

For large institutions and large, highly complex institutions, the proposed rate schedule ranges from 5 to 35 basis points.

There are also adjustments made to the initial assessment rates based on long-term unsecured debt, depository institution debt, and brokered deposits. The FDIC also revised the assessment system for large depository institutions with over $10 billion in assets.

Due to the recent difficult economic conditions, the FDIC adopted an optional Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program by which, for a fee, noninterest bearing transaction accounts would receive unlimited insurance coverage until June 30, 2010 (which was later extended to December 31, 2010) and, for a fee, certain senior unsecured debt issued by institutions and their holding companies between October 13, 2008 and October 31, 2009 would be guaranteed by the FDIC through December 31, 2012. [The Bank made the business decision to participate in the unlimited noninterest bearing transaction account coverage but elected not to participate in the unsecured debt guarantee program.] The assessments for unlimited noninterest bearing transaction account coverage where 15 basis points per $100 of insured deposits during 2010. The assessments for unsecured debt guarantee program coverage ranged from 50 to 100 basis points per annum per $100 of debt depending on the maturity of the debt.

The Dodd-Frank Act extended unlimited insurance on non-interest bearing accounts for no additional charges through December 31, 2012. Under this program, traditional non-interest demand deposit (or checking) accounts that allow for an unlimited number of transfers and withdrawals at any time, whether held for a business, individual, or other type of depositor, are covered. Later, Congress added Lawyers’ Trust Accounts (IOLTA) to this unlimited insurance protection through December 31, 2012.

The FDIC has the authority to increase insurance assessments. A significant increase in insurance premiums would likely have an adverse effect on the operating expenses and results of operations of the Bank. Management cannot predict what insurance assessment rates will be in the future.

The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any insured depository institution if the FDIC determines, after a hearing, that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe and unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed in writing by, or written agreement with, the FDIC. The FDIC may also suspend deposit insurance temporarily during the hearing process for a permanent termination of insurance if the institution has no tangible capital.

Federal Home Loan Bank System.  The Bank is a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis, which is one of 12 regional Federal Home Loan Banks.  Each Federal Home Loan Bank serves as a reserve or central bank for its members within its assigned region.  It is funded primarily from funds deposited by member institutions and proceeds from the sale of consolidated obligations of the Federal Home Loan Bank system.  It makes loans to members (i.e., advances) in accordance with policies and procedures established by the board of trustees of the Federal Home Loan Bank.  As a member, the Bank is required to purchase and maintain stock in the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis in an amount equal to the greater of 1% of its aggregate unpaid residential mortgage loans, home purchase contracts or similar obligations at the beginning of each year or 5% of our outstanding advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank.  At December 31, 2010, the Bank was in compliance with this requirement.

At December 31, 2010, the Bancorp owned $3.38 million of stock of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Indianapolis (“FHLBI”) and had outstanding borrowings of approximately $29 million from the FHLBI.  The FHLBI stock entitles us to dividends from the FHLBI.  The Bancorp recognized dividend income of approximately $68 thousand in 2010.  Due to various financial difficulties in the financial institution industry in 2008, including the write-down of various mortgage-backed securities held by the FHLBI (which lowered its regulatory capital levels), the FHLBI temporarily suspended dividends during the 1st quarter of 2009.  When the dividends were finally paid, they were reduced by 75 basis points from the dividend rate paid for the previous quarter. Continued and additional financial difficulties at the FHLBI could further reduce or eliminate the dividends we receive from the FHLBI.